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"Implementation of the Anti-Domestic Violence Law in Georgia. Contextual Interaction Theory Perspective"

(Working Paper)

By Nino Javakhisvhili, Gvantsa Jibladze
Ilia State University

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The Paper was prepared for the 4th Annual Conference in Gender Studies, Center for Social Sciences

6 December, 2012

 

Abstract:

The law against domestic violence was adopted in Georgia in 2006. Accordingly, National Action Plans were developed in 2007-2008; 2009-2010; 2011-2012, with the aims and relevant activities determined. Both, governmental and non-governmental organizations are involved in the process of implementation of the law. However, adopting the law does not ensure its successful implementation. There are 35 organizations working on the different aspects of the issue (5 - governmental, 30 - non-governmental ones). According to the results of the research conducted in 2011 - "United Efforts to Combat Domestic Violence in Georgia: Local or International Agenda?" -realization of the law against domestic violence in Georgia is not successful. The present paper is an attempt to show the reasons of the unsuccessful implementation of the law.

The current study is based on the results of the research conducted in 2011. The case study was employed as a method, it includes in depth interviews with 33 organizations working on the issue of domestic violence, reviews of media, governmental and non-governmental organizations' publications. The data are analyzed via Contextual Interaction Theory (Bressers, 2004; Owens, 2008).

The theory emphasizes three characteristics of the actors involved in the implementation process - motivation, information and power/resource. According to the theory, these characteristics determine how successful the realization of the policy is. The policy implementation is more likely to be successful when: 1) The issue is important for each actor (motivation); 2) The awareness of the actors about the issue is sufficient, and the actors have vision of the solutions of the problem (information) 3) The actors have the capacity/possibility of interference, i. e. power and resources. Hence, the research question: Do the organizations have sufficient motivation, information and power for successful implementation of the anti-domestic violence law?


The results show that:

Both, governmental and non-governmental organizations experience the lack of the information. Moreover, they cannot outline successful ways of problem solving and effective collaboration.

Governmental organizations have less motivation and the implementation process is determined by external factors - demand of international organizations.

Non-governmental organizations have more motivation, but less resource and power.

The power is not distributed equally. The organizations with less motivation have more power and vice versa. Several actors have insufficient possibility of interference. In spite of the power of governmental organizations, they lack personnel with sufficient qualification and the resources.

Therefore, the organizations involved in the implementation of the anti-domestic violence law, do not have sufficient motivation, information and power to effectively combat the problem of domestic violence that requires comprehensive approach.

Key words: Domestic violence; Implementation; Governmental organizations; Non-governmental organizations; Contextual Interaction Theory; Motivation; Information; Power